19 – The Holistic Interventions Principle

David and Lucie discuss the principle Holistic Interventions: “This principle applies to company activities. It leads to an expectation that any interventions consider all angles and implications of implementation.”.
David emphasizes the importance of looking at the whole system rather than isolated components, using examples from education and health to illustrate the potential pitfalls of not thinking holistically. The conversation touches on the complexity and challenges of holistic approaches, acknowledging that they are crucial for addressing complex, ‘wicked’ problems. David highlights that holistic interventions are central to IDEMS’ work, enabling the organization to collaborate across disciplines and provide value beyond specific domains.

18 – The Trans Disciplinary Principle

David and Santiago discuss the principle Trans Disciplinary: “This principle defines the role of subject experts in company activities. It forces subject experts out of their comfort zone by engaging beyond their expertise and discipline.”.
David clarifies the differences between multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary methods, emphasizing that transdisciplinary work requires subject experts to engage beyond their expertise and discipline. This approach fosters innovation by allowing experts to collaborate and contribute across different fields. David concludes by highlighting the importance of transdisciplinary approaches in academic collaborations and how IDEMS was founded on this principle to fill a gap left by traditional academic institutions.

17 – The Embracing Diversity Principle

David and Lily discuss the principle Embracing Diversity: “This principle expresses the company’s approach to complex problems. It emphasises the value placed on diversity in building stable solutions.”.
David explains that this principle goes beyond hiring diverse staff; it encompasses the company’s approach to tackling complex problems by valuing diverse perspectives, work areas, and types of work. David notes that while embracing diversity makes scaling more challenging, it leads to more stable and resilient solutions. The principle is integral to IDEMS’ identity, promoting sustainable and impactful growth despite the inherent challenges.

16 – The Systems Thinking Principle

David and Lily discuss the principle Systems Thinking: “This principle affects how the company tackles problems. It encourages building an understanding of how any company activity relates to and fits into the bigger picture.”.
They highlight how the principle describes how company activities fit into the bigger picture. David explains that at IDEMS, this involves looking at broader contexts rather than focusing solely on individual components, contrasting with component research. He highlights the difficulties of adopting systems thinking in business due to its complexity and conflict with simpler, growth-driven approaches. However, for IDEMS, systems thinking is essential for creating lasting and impactful solutions.

15 – The Systems Thinking Principles Set

Danny and David discuss the second set of principles: Systems Thinking. They present all the principles in this set, and discuss how they relate to each other, their motivation and history.

14 – The Continually Evolving Principle

Lily and David discuss the principle Continually Evolving: “This principle provides a world view for the company. It fights against complacency and stimulates innovation.”.
They emphasise that continually evolving means recognising that many problems, such as improving education, can never be fully solved but can always be improved upon. This principle drives IDEMS to think beyond project-based cycles and funding constraints, seeking ways to sustain and evolve their work even after specific projects end. David discusses the mathematical concept of imperfect replication, and how it can lead to continual evolution in various areas.

13 – The Local Innovation Principle

Santiago and David explore the principle Local Innovation: “This principle is something the company believes in and wants to support. It can empower communities both for today and the future while enabling interventions to adapt.”.
They highlight the contrast between the typical global innovation approach and the need to support local innovation that is sensitive to specific needs and contexts. The conversation underscores the importance of fostering an environment where local communities can adapt global interventions to suit their unique needs.

12 – The Open by Default Principle

Lucie and David discuss the principle Open by Default:”This principle affects both the inputs and output of the company. It implies the need for a justification not to ‘go open’ as the default is to be open. In particular when a valid justification exists then no negative judgement is given to being ‘closed’.”
They emphasise the default stance of openness in both inputs and outputs unless there are compelling reasons to be closed. David explains that being open by default does not mean everything must be open, but rather that the default should be openness unless justified otherwise.

11 – The Options by Context Principle

David and Lucie discuss the principle Options by Context: “This principle is part of core company thinking. It requires context to be considered when proposing options or interventions, in particular it precludes the search for single or blanket solutions.”.
They emphasise the importance of considering specific contexts when proposing interventions or solutions and highlight the importance of tailoring solutions to local contexts, using examples from IDEMS work.

10 – The Options by Context Principles Set

Danny and David discuss the second set of principles: Options by Context. They present all the principles in this set, and discuss how they relate to each other, their motivation and history.